The Hilux received a minor facelift in 1991 (for the 1992 model year), which was a grille change incorporating the new Toyota emblem that had been recently adopted. Toyota also introduced a four-door rear access system called "Smart Cab" to replace all Xtra Cab models in E and G grade. Want to Know More? Find details of the GX, GXL, VX, Sahara's engine, capacity, & more. However, the pickup truck was available for sale in the showrooms from October, 5 months after its official introduction. In 1981, a vehicle development agreement was established between Toyota, Winnebago Industries and two other aftermarket customisers. However, some trucks sold in the United States during the 1991 through 1995 model years were still manufactured in Japan as not all versions were built in California. About - Top speed of the Australian Hilux 4WD was 130 km/h (81 mph).[14]. Book a Test Drive. The camera crew's vehicle from this episode was later modified and driven to near the summit of the Eyjafjallajökull erupting Icelandic volcano by James May in Series 15, Episode 1. KUN25L-CRMSHW KUN35L-TRMDHW3 KUN35L-TRMDHW KUN25L-CRMDHW 2.4 D-4D 4x2 2.4 D-4D 4x2 2.4 D-4D 4x2 Chassis & Cab Pick-Up Extra Cab MOTORE. SCHEDA TECNICA Hilux 2. [6] Its front axle was a live, leaf-sprung design unlike the more car-like type used on rear-wheel drive Hiluxes. The Toyota Hilux (Japanese: トヨタ・ハイラックス, Toyota Hairakkusu) (stylized as HiLux and historically as Hi-Lux) is a series of pickup trucks produced and marketed by the Japanese automobile manufacturer Toyota. [49], The Thai, Laos, Southeast Asian and Cambodian market also adopted a new name, "Toyota Hilux Revo". Find Out More. [15] It was the first Hilux available with an automatic transmission in that market. 1994 Toyota Pickup 4WD Xrtacab extended cab. Submit an enquiry online and we will get back to you quickly. A world record was achieved by the support crew for the participants in the 2008/2009 Amundsen Omega 3 South Pole Race. Its one-piece cargo-box walls eliminated the rust-prone seams that were found in earlier models. The August 1983 redesign (sold as model year 1984 vehicles in North America) introduced the Xtracab extended cab option, with six inches of space behind the seat for in-cab storage. CONSUMI. 3.0 D-4D. In the 2020 Dakar Rally, six Hilux cars were entered prepared by Gazoo Racing, and another nine by Overdrive Racing. Cambiano design e interni, ora più tecnolgici, e debutta un nuovo motore Diesel. Toyota HiLux 2019 Extra-Cab 2.4 D-4D 4WD (2019) Toyota HiLux 2019 Double-Cab 2.4 D-4D 4WD (2019) Latest Car Specs. The Hilux was produced in Colombia for sales in Colombia, Venezuela, and Ecuador from 1998 to 2005 by the SOFASA company (with only petrol engines 2.7 L). In May 1972,[4] the 1973 model year Hilux was introduced, designated the RN20. torcente a rpm. "[105], The 1980s Toyota War between Libya and Chad was so named because of the heavy, very successful use of Hilux trucks as technicals. In North America, the new version also meant the introduction of the considerably larger (2.2 L) 20R engine and the SR5 upscale trim package. Toyota Hilux Hi Lux Mk3 Owner Manual Yeah, reviewing a ebook toyota hilux hi lux mk3 owner manual could be credited with your near links listings. Dimensioni e Scheda Tecnica Toyota Hilux by blogo3motori. Comprehending as competently as understanding even more than other will provide each success. The available options for these markets were: In North America the Hilux continued to be sold simply as the "Toyota Pickup". This minor update upgraded the emission standard to Euro 4, updated the four-speed automatic transmission to five-speed, upgraded power rating of the 3.0-liter model from 122 to 128 kW (166 to 174 PS; 164 to 172 hp), increased torque from 343 to 360 N⋅m (253 to 266 ft⋅lb) for the five-speed automatic transmission, and the SmartCab Prerunner 4x2 was introduced with automatic transmission. Search automobile-catalog: Register in the USERZONE, share real world car performance results, show us your car. In the Philippines, the facelift model was introduced in February 2018. [104], Fifth generation (N80, N90, N100, N110; 1988), Sixth generation (N140, N150, N160, N170; 1997), Seventh generation (AN10, AN20, AN30; 2004). The New TRD Hilux (sales brochure), Toyota Motor Corporation Australia Limited, April 2008. Find out more information on our response to COVID-19 here . Toyota has introduced a left hand drive Hilux Vigo in August 2008 while a right hand drive facelifted model was introduced in September 2008. [38], On 13 July 2011, Toyota announced that the Hilux would receive a facelift, including a redesigned front end and other external styling changes, changes to the interior and a new turbocharged diesel engine rated at 107 kW (144 hp) and 343 N⋅m (253 lb⋅ft) of torque, as well as lower fuel consumption compared to the previous model. [13] These were all built on the longer wheelbase, with either pickup or cab-chassis bodywork. Giniel achieved third place with it in 2016, 5th in 2017, 3rd in 2018 and 9th in 2019. This reputation was highlighted in several episodes of the BBC motoring show Top Gear. All Makes in automobile-catalog / VIN Check, detailed car history by VIN. In 1991, North American production began at the NUMMI plant in Fremont, California. The Toyota HiLux is not the best of its type for on-road driving; the Ford Ranger and Volkswagen Amarok are still the class leaders in that regard. HILUX . In 2005, Toyota ceased production of the Hilux truck for the Japanese market. Tipo 2GD-FTV 2GD-FTV 2GD-FTV Alimentazione Common Rail Common Rail Common Rail Cilindrata (cc) 2393 2393 2393 Alesaggio x corsa (mm) 92,0 x 90 92,0 x 90 92,0 x 90 Rapporto di compressione … The Hilux was engineered and assembled by Hino Motors to replace the earlier vehicle that the Hilux was derived from, called the Briska[6] in the niche beneath the larger and older Stout – it replaced the Stout fully in some markets. The pickup truck was sold with the HiLux name in most markets, but in North America, the Hilux name was retired in 1976 in favor of Truck, Pickup Truck, or Compact Truck. The variant called the Sport Rider was sold only in Thailand. Pros: Acceleration (V6) Reliability; Cons: Engine noise; Price; While payload and towing capacities are better than the Japanese norm, they don’t quite measure up to the domestics. The 2-valve DOHC 18R-G and its variations were produced from 1973 to 1982, replacing the 8R-G and providing a performance engine which took advantage of the entire 2-litre limit of Japan's "small car" class. With the exception of the doors, roof and tailgate, everything else was new: new guards, new headlights, new bumper, new bonnet, new three-bar grille, new taillights, a new rear bumper and new badges. L'imponenza del "muso" è completata dalla grande presa d’aria centrale. In series 3, episodes 5 and 6, a 1988 diesel N50 Hilux with 305,775 km (190,000 mi) on the odometer was subjected to extraordinary abuse including being left on a beach for the incoming tide, left on top of a building as it was demolished and being set on fire. The Hilux was then facelifted in 2001 for the 2002 model year. This was to allow Toyota to enter the SUV market in North America. The Hilux started production in March 1968[4] as the RN10 in short-wheelbase form with a 1.5 L inline-four engine, generating a maximum power output of 77 PS (57 kW; 76 hp) in Japanese market specification. Notable fleet customers include private taxi operators, for whom the double cab model offers additional load space versatility, the Singapore Police Force, Pakistan Police Force, Syrian Police Force and the Royal Bhutan Police Force; all of which employ the Hilux as a patrol vehicle. Menu. [23] Initially only imported from Japan, NUMMI-built trucks began appearing in 1990. Choose a Toyota Hilux 6 version from the list below to get information about engine specs, horsepower, CO2 emissions, fuel consumption, dimensions, tires size, weight and many other facts. Solid front axles had been present in all 4x4 Toyota models until 1986. Consumo medio di carburante. 1994 Toyota Hilux Surf Diesel 3.0 Turbo engine for sale, replacement engines UK have both reconditioned & used units in stock, instant pricing & online offers. The VIN on these trucks starts with '4T', while Japanese-made ones begin with 'JT'. The Australian market originally received the 1.6-liter 12R engine in rear-wheel drive models, while 4WD models have the 2-liter 18R-C engine with 63 kW (86 PS). Già in vendita la rinnovata Toyota Hilux è sempre proposta nelle varianti Extra Cab a due porte e a quattro posti, e Double Cab (quella del test) con quattro porte e cinque posti. Scheda Tecnica. URGENT RECALL : Toyota Australia has issued a series of recalls involving a number of vehicle models as part of the global Takata airbag recall campaign. The Smart Cab models were developed in Thailand and were only sold in the Thai market. Visualizza le stime dei consumi reali della Toyota Hilux condivise dagli utenti e confrontale con altre vetture e lista delle scheda tecnica, dimensioni. A 2.25 m (7.4 ft) "long bed" was an option for the first time in North American markets, although such a version had been available worldwide since April 1969. The engine and safety features for the Rocco remain unchanged. Two diesel engines were also offered, the 2L and the turbocharged 2L-T. [27] Three pickup truck body variants were initially produced: a two-door Single Cab (referred to by Toyota as IMV1), a two-door Xtra Cab (IMV2), and four-door Double Cab (IMV3). Il Toyota Hilux N60 del 1997 non è altro che un evoluzione dell’N50: in Italia viene venduto con due motori 2.5 diesel (aspirato da 79 CV e turbo da 90 CV). [51] The 2.8-liter GD engine was introduced in May 2015 at the 36th International Vienna Motor Symposium. The Hilux was re-introduced in Japan on 12 September 2017, after 13 years of hiatus. Get the very latest brochure on the Toyota HiLux. 2020 Volkswagen Passat 2020 Variant 2.0 TDI 200HP, 2020 Volkswagen Passat 2020 2.0 TDI 200HP, 1980 Chevrolet Impala 6 Wagon 1980 305 5.0 V8 Overdrive, 1981 Chevrolet Impala 6 Wagon 1980 350 5.7 Diesel V8, 1981 Chevrolet Impala 6 Wagon 1980 267 4.4 V8 Overdrive, 1980 Chevrolet Impala 6 Wagon 1980 350 5.7 Diesel V8, 1980 Chevrolet Impala 6 Wagon 1980 267 4.4 V8, 1981 Chevrolet Impala 6 Wagon 1980 305 5.0 V8 Overdrive, 1981 Chevrolet Impala 6 Wagon 1980 267 4.4 V8, 1978 Chevrolet Impala 6 Wagon 1976 350-4 5.7 V8 170HP, 1977 Chevrolet Impala 6 Wagon 1976 350-4 5.7 V8 160HP, 1976 Chevrolet Impala 6 Wagon 1976 350-4 5.7 V8 170HP Hydra-Matic, 1978 Chevrolet Impala 6 Wagon 1976 350-4 5.7 V8 165HP. 03+toyota+hilux+trasmision+manual.pdf Toyota Hilux 2080 1996_toyota_tercel_(rm440u).pdf Despiece Toyota Tercel 1996 (inglés) 2085 manual+de+1kzte.2000.pdf motor 1KZ TE Toyota Prado The FJ Cruiser entered the Japanese market on 4 December 2010, announced on 25 November in that year. A facelifted version of the Hilux was unveiled by Toyota's Malaysian distributors, UMW Toyota Motor, in August 2008. In the later series 8, episode 3, a Hilux was chosen by Jeremy Clarkson as his platform for creating an amphibious vehicle (though by the end of that episode the Hilux failed to start), and in the Top Gear: Polar Special Clarkson and James May raced a specially modified 2007 model Hilux to the magnetic north pole from Northern Canada – making the truck the first motor vehicle to make it to the magnetic north pole. The body saw a redesign that included single round headlights and a less complex body. A five-speed manual transmission became optional. Some North American motor-coach manufacturers began building Toyota motor-homes from the Hilux. In Singapore, the Hilux was available as a single cab with the 2.5 L engine or a double cab with the 3.0 L engine. Later 1KZ-TE engine was introduced for the 2001 4WD models which had foglamp integrated in the front bumper, 2002 saw the arrival of new engines—the 1KD-FTV engine for 4WD models and 2KD-FTV for the Prerunner (2WD) model and (4WD) with a new front bumper, new projector-style headlights, and new rear lamps. Toyota introduced a mid-size SUV variant of the Hilux in 1998. [91][92][93], Zoe Williams described the 2015 Hilux Invincible X as a "beast" ("Imagine yourself in a regular car, with a huge other car stitched on to the back"), and "the most CO2 I’ve ever spewed out, with the least to show for it", while "the sheer bulk of the engineering makes it like... driving a ski lift."[94]. The power and torque figures for 2.8-litre 1GD-FTV engine has been upgraded to 204 PS (150 kW; 201 hp) and 500 N⋅m (369 lbf⋅ft). In occasione del restyling del 2002 arrivano un frontale più elegante e propulsori 2.5 sovralimentati a gasolio D-4D da 88 e 102 CV. Specifications catalogue of the Toyota cars, all models and versions. [27] Hiluxes sold in Argentina and Brazil were built in Argentina, as with the previous generation Hilux.[39]. Toward the end of the SR5's production run (1983½ model year), Toyota introduced the luxury Mojave trim for the US market as a limited-production (3,500 units) model with options not available on any other Toyota pickup. [95][96] The Hilux suffered severe structural damage, but was still running after being repaired with only the typical tools that would be found in a truck's toolbox. [102] Since 2016, the Dakar Rally Hilux has been being prepared by Toyota Gazoo Racing WRT. This is just one of the solutions for you to be successful. Capacità serbatoio carburante. Book a Test Drive. Nissan Qashqai 2019 Redesign, Price and Release Date ...Qashqai … All three used the Hilux 4×4 RV cab and chassis, and an all-fiberglass rear section (the Trailblazer had a steel bed with a fiberglass top). This results in a much lower overall gear ratio. These models carried over the carbureted 22R engine while model year 1984 also saw the introduction of the fuel injected 22R-E engine. Driver Giniel de Villiers achieved third place in the 2012, second place overall in the 2013, 4th in the 2014, and again second place in the 2015. [4] The newer model was of similar dimensions to its predecessor, but both front and rear tracks were wider. Ads. 2016 - 2020 Hilux 2.4 D. 2011 - 2016 Hilux 2.5 D-4D. automobilio.info. Notice also the plus sign to access the comparator tool where you can compare up to 3 cars at once side by side. It had a solid front axle and leaf suspension. Nicknamed the "RokeHi" (ロケハイ), a portmanteau of "Rocket Hilux", it has a more comfortable interior along with exterior updates. When comparison shopping, Toyota may have … In North American markets, the Hilux (known as the pickup) saw the use of four-wheel drive. A four-speed manual transmission was standard. Would you buy it? In late 1986 for the 1987 model year, the truck went through a minor interior and exterior redesign, that included a new grille, a new 1 piece front bumper, an updated interior with full high door panels with faux leather stitching on the base and DLX models, the gauge cluster surround was more rounded and featured faux leather stitching on it, the dash pad featured a shorter tray than earlier models, the steering wheels were changed from black to gray, red, brown, or blue depending on the interior color, the radio bezel was also color matched to the rest of the interior, the SR-5 tach gauge clusters had the pattern on the face changed from a grid pattern to horizontal lines, the outside door mirrors were also changed to have a more stream lined appearance, the faceplate for the heater controls was also redesigned. The double cab model has an automatic transmission. 1990 Toyota 4runner II Scheda Tecnica, Consumi, Dimension Il nostro negozio online propone una vasta gamma di pezzi di ricambio per TOYOTA 4Runner (_N1_) 3.0 (VZN13_) Benzina de 1990 143 CV Ordinate i ricambi auto necessari in modo semplice e comodo tramite il nostro negozio online di autoricambi a prezzi bass 75 Toyota 4Runner auto usate in vendita a partire da 2.500. For the Thai market, the Hilux is equipped with Toyota Safety Sense. This generation of the Hilux was sold in Thailand as the Toyota Hilux Mighty-X. Il nuovo motore 2.4 D-4D, già conforme alla normativa Euro 6, unisce un’elevata coppia a consumi ai vertici della categoria. In Thailand, this generation was sold as the Toyota Hilux Hero. The interior features a new upper dashboard design with a new horizontal center instrument cluster. In Japan, it was available at the Toyota Japan dealership retail chains called Toyota Store and Toyopet Store. [5] The 1.5-litre engine was upgraded to a 1.6 L inline-four in February 1971. 1985 was the last year of the 22R motor, and of the solid front axle in most markets. Due to its durability and reliability, the Toyota Hilux, along with the larger Toyota Land Cruiser, has become popular among militant groups in war-torn regions as a technical. Velocità massima. Potenza a rpm: n.b. "[104] U.S. counter-terror officials have inquired with Toyota how the Salafi jihadist extremist group Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant has apparently acquired large numbers of Toyota Hiluxes and Land Cruisers. [16] It was powered by the SR5's standard 2.4 L (150 cu in) inline-four engine.[16]. [16] With a list price of US$8,308,[16] it had bucket seats, two-speaker multiplex radio, chrome front and rear bumpers, and deleted Toyota logos on either the grille or the tailgate. Engine options for the Sport Rider included the 5L engine for the Prerunner (2WD) model and 5L 5L-E for 4WD models. Toyota Hilux 4-door utility (pre-facelift), Toyota Hilux 2-door utility (2008 facelift), Toyota Hilux (GGN25R) SR 4-door utility (2008 facelift), Toyota Hilux (GGN25R) SR 4-door utility (pre-facelift), Toyota Hilux (KUN26R) SR Xtra Cab 2-door utility (2011 facelift), Toyota Hilux (KUN26R) SR5 4-door utility (2011 facelift), Toyota Hilux (KUN26R) SR 4-door utility (2011 facelift), The eighth generation of the Toyota Hilux was officially introduced simultaneously on 21 May 2015 in Bangkok, Thailand and Sydney, Australia. La scheda tecnica The majority of these vehicles are sold as pickup truck or cab chassis variants, although they could be configured in a variety of body styles. Because of a modified rear suspension, the truck is registered in Finland as a light truck. Ricerca veloce. As a mid-size pickup truck, the Hilux exceeds the Japanese governing regulations for the vehicle size dimensions, thus Japanese buyers are liable to higher taxes compared to passenger cars. [37] In September 2008, Toyota introduced the Smart Cab, a four-door with hidden rear suicide doors. Options for South American markets included: Toyota shifted production from the Hilux Mighty-X (fifth generation) to the Hilux Tiger (sixth generation) in the late 1990s and made it the global export hub. [44], The Hilux Vigo "Champ" was introduced in Thailand in August 2012 as a significant "minor change" with a new front design and a revamped interior to reinforce perceived luxury. The next redesign, in 1988, introduced a longer-wheelbase option, 3,099 mm (122 in) rather than 2,616 mm (103 in) for the regular wheelbase. This design continues into the interior with similar AC vents and center fascia design. You will find here specs and performance data of all Toyota cars. [20], Toyota Hilux RN106 1998 Sofasa plate with VIN information. [4] The L series diesel engine was offered on the 2WD variants from September 1979 and also on the 4WD variants beginning in March 1983. Despite being discontinued in Japan prior to 2017, the Hilux has been popularly grey-imported throughout private importers. I prezzi partono da 32.537 euro per la più rude 2.4 D-4D Extra Cab Comfort 4WD da 150 CV, col cambio manuale a sei marce e altrettante ridotte, il differenziale posteriore bloccabile, e il climatizzatore manuale. Learn how and when to remove this template message, "1st to 4th generation Hilux Chief Engineers | Hilux 50th Anniversary Special Website", "Toyota Announces Full Model Change in Hi-Lux Small Pick-up Truck Series", Japan Automobile Manufacturers Association, "Shigeo Asai, Chief Engineer for the 5th generation Hilux | Hilux 50th Anniversary Special Website", "Old vs. New: 1995 Toyota Tacoma vs. 2016 Toyota Tacoma", "Masaaki Ishiko, Chief Engineer for the 6th generation Hilux | Hilux 50th Anniversary Special Website", "Toyota Hilux Utility Review (Mk.6: 1997-05)", "Detailed Specs of Thailand-made Hilux Tiger 1998–2004", "Toyota IMV Sales Reach Global 5 Million-unit Mark", "Malaysian Market: Production Volume Rises to 500,000-unit Level; Forecast to Reach 600,000 by End of Decade", "About 30,000 South Africa Auto Workers Walk Off The Job; Toyota, GM, Ford Auto Exports Affected; BMW Strike Enters Second Week", "Overview of Overseas Production Affiliates, Latin America", "Kaoru Hosokawa, Chief Engineer for the 7th generation Hilux | Hilux 50th Anniversary Special Website", "Thailand: Planned Production Capacity in the Country Amounting to Roughly 2.6 Million a Year in 2015", "Toyota Argentina Unveils New Hilux Pickup", "Official: Toyota Hilux pickup gets fresh skin, more power for 2012", "New Features in 2013 Toyota Hilux Vigo Champ", "Hiroki Nakajima, Chief Engineer for the 8th generation Hilux | Hilux 50th Anniversary Special Website", "Masahiko Maeda, Chief Engineer for the 8th generation Hilux | Hilux 50th Anniversary Special Website", "LAN125L-DNMXEN - Hilux LHD 3.0L Diesel 6 seater", "2016 Toyota Hilux pick-up slated for May 21 debut", "2016 Toyota HiLux engine details leaked, ute to debut autonomous emergency braking", "Programme – 36th International Vienna Motor Symposium – Congress Center Hofburg Vienna – Session: New Diesel Engines", "2016 Toyota Hilux details, October launch in Australia", "2016 Toyota Hilux interior and exterior leaked", "Toyota scuppers claim Labor's electric vehicle policy would leave HiLux drivers stranded", "Täysin uusi TruckMasters OX Premium tulossa keväällä 2017", "Toyota Reintroduces Hilux into Japanese Market after 13-year Hiatus, Land Cruiser Prado undergoes partial redesign and FJ Cruiser launches with special specifications", "2018 Toyota HiLux gets new top-spec 'Conquest' in the Philippines", "2020 Toyota Hilux facelift debuts with major styling changes – 2.8L turbodiesel now makes 204 PS, 500 Nm", https://global.toyota/en/mobility/toyota-brand/features/hilux50th/history/numbers.html, "Sales Report : ยอดขายกระบะ Pick-up ปี 2018 / 2561 : Toyota Hilux Revo ครองแชมป์อันดับ 1", "2010 VFACTS: Second-highest new vehicle sales in Australian history | CarAdvice", "Australia top selling car data (2012) shows shift to Japanese brands", "Car sales 2013 : Toyota Corolla steals title of Australia's most popular car | CarAdvice", "Top 10 best-selling vehicles in Australia during 2015", "Ford Ranger ute tops record New Zealand car-sales year", "Top 10 best-selling cars in Australia during 2017", "Ford Ranger announced as the top-selling vehicle in New Zealand for 2016", "Philippines' 10 best-selling cars of 2016 - Auto News", "Most popular NZ car for 2017 still a truck", "Philippines' 10 Best Selling Cars in 2017 - Auto News", "South Africa's Top-Selling Cars in 2017", "10 best selling cars in the Philippines 2018", "Top 100 new cars sold in Australia in 2019", "New Zealand's best selling new vehicles in 2019", "Here are the 10 best selling cars in the Philippines of 2019 - Auto News", "These were South Africa's 10 best selling vehicles in 2019 | IOL Motoring", "Los 374 autos más vendidos de México: la lista completa porque el top 10 ya te lo sabes", "The Indestructible Toyota Hilux Just Went To Finishing School", "These Toyota trucks are popular with terrorists — here's why", "On the road: Toyota Hilux Invincible X - car review", "Bugger! It features an updated front grille styling similar to the North American market Tacoma and an updated front bumper with LED fog lights. Velocità max: 170 km/h: Consumi (Urbano): 8.2 l/100km: Consumi (Extraurbano): 6.3 l/100km : Consumi (Misto): 7.0 l/100km: … Its one-piece cargo-box walls eliminated the rust-prone seams that were found in earlier models. 1982 Toyota Hilux Pickup Closing Speed (kph): 47 -- Thumbs up for the crash test dummies! Research and development work on the Trekker led to the development of the 4Runner/Hilux Surf, which was introduced in 1984. GVWRs ranged from 2,565 to 5,350 lb (1,163 to 2,427 kg). A wide range of models were available (excluding the Crew Cab model available internationally), mixing four- and six-cylinder engines, long and short beds, regular and Xtracabs, manual and automatic transmissions, and two- or four-wheel drive. In April 1969, a long-wheelbase version was added to the range. [27] The similar Toyota Tacoma pickup truck, introduced in February 2004 for the 2005 model year, is based on the 4Runner chassis, while the AN10/AN20/AN30 Hilux is based on an revamped version of the ladder frame found on previous versions. Two Hilux pickups entered the Dakar Rally in 2012, prepared by the Imperial Toyota team of South Africa.